At the end of the nineteenth century a new style of art and architecture, called Modernism, emerged in Barcelona. It was the way in which Catalan nationalism expressed itself. Its main exponents were Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Lluís Domenech i Montaner and, above all, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet. The Eixample district is full of buildings made by them for their wealthy clients.
Its main exponents were Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Lluís Domenech i Montaner and, above all, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet.
Palau Güell was Gaudí’s first prominent building, located on the Nou de la Rambla street, has an international reputation. Built for its lifetime employer, the industrialist Eusebi Güell. The property is located in a small area of a narrow street, which makes it difficult to observe its facade. Inside, Gaudí created a sensation of spaces using screens and galleries. The parabolic arches, widely used by Gaudí, appear for the first time in Palau Güell and show their interest in Gothic architecture.
In 1910, the industrialist Esebi Güell entrusted Gaudí with the project of a park. The original idea was to create a mini-estate of family properties with common play areas and gardens, but only two houses were sold. That is why the initiative resulted in a more original public space. The project was inspired by the sanctuary of Apollo, in Déhli. Gaudí used the environments to create arches and stone bridges. The views of Barcelona can be seen from various places and viewpoints. The mosaic-covered statues (trencadis in Catalan) stand out from the park, almost all created by the architect Josep Maria Jujol.
This isolated block of hexagonal apartments by the modernist architect Puig i Cadafalch, bears the nickname, Casa de les Punxes (house of the tips), due to its 6 towers with points shaped like a magician’s hat. It was built between 1903 and 1905, reforming 3 pre-existing houses on the property. It is Puig’s most important work, it is an ecliptic mixture of medieval and Renaissance styles. The towers and facades were inspired by the Gothic architecture of northern Europe. However, the floral ornament carved in stone and red brick used as the main building material is typically modernist.